mercredi 12 octobre 2016

Build persisting Layer with ASP.NET Core and EF Core using Postgresql and Sql Server 2016

Build persisting Layer with ASP.NET Core and EF Core using Postgresql and Sql Server 2016
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This post is about developing ASP.NET Core application using EF Core, we will demonstrate how we can connect in different ways to Sql Server Database and Postgresql Database.
So let’s start by Prerequisite:
-          Visual Studio 2015 update 3
-          .NET Core 1.0.
-          SQL Server 2014 / 2016 Server Management Studio with a default localdb.
-          Postgresql (
We will follow in this article these steps:

1-      Create Database : samplecoreEF 
2-      Create an ASP.NET Core Web Application : Samples.AspCoreEF
3-      Add Class Library Core to the solution : Samples.AspCoreEF.DAL.EF
4-      Create model classes: Task and Person.
5-      Add Context : TaskSystemDbContext
6-      Register the context class with Dependency Injection.
7-      Auto-Create the database.
8-      Add Web API controller and test using Postman.

                   I.            Create Database : samplecoreEF
Create a new database “sampleCoreEF” in PostgreSQL .

Create a new database “sampleCoreEF” in SQL server 2016

                II.            Create an ASP.NET Core Web Application: Samples.AspCoreEF
We Open Visual Studio > File > New Project> Select “ASP.NET Core Web Application” > Enter Name “Samples.AspCoreEF” & Location > OK.

After we will select the temple “Web Application” and we confirm the choice by clicking on OK.
             III.            Add Class Library Core to the solution : Samples.AspCoreEF.DAL.EF

Now, we take a look to Samples.AspCoreEF project structure, as shown in the screenshot, given below:

The project Samples.AspCoreEF.DAL.EF will contain our EntityFramework models, migrations, context … (This is the reason to the name DAL: Data Access Layer).
             IV.            4-  Create model classes: Task and Person
We will add to the Samples.AspCoreEF.DAL.EF project the Models folder that will contains two models: Person.cs and Task.cs.

In project.json :
We install the Entity Framework Core package for the database provider from NuGet Package Manager Console in Visual Studio 2015.

So “project.json” should have this content to be sure that we have adding the right version:

                V.            Add Context: TaskSystemDbContext

We have to add a new folder called EntityFramework where we will add our context like bellow.

So we will have this structure:

             VI.            Register the context class with Dependency Injection
We will work now in the ASP.NET Web Application to be able to register our context.
We will start by adding Samples.AspCoreEF.DAL.EF as a reference to Samples.AspCoreEF.

After we will add needed references to generate our database as before, so, our project.json will have this look:

In the Startup.cs, we will add two blocs to show you how we can register context class in two different ways:  So in this method :
 public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)

After: services.AddMvc();

We will add this bloc related to the connection to the Sql Server Database:
        //Using SQL Server
            var sqlconnection = @"Server=(localdb)\v11.0;Database=samplecoreEF;Trusted_Connection=True;";
            services.AddDbContext<TaskSystemDbContext>(dbcontextoption => dbcontextoption.UseSqlServer(sqlconnection));

 sqlconnection is a hardcoded string and we use UseSqlServer to connect to the Database.
But, it’s better to add this string in configuration file, before we can add these string in web.config but in Core, this file doesn’t exist anymore but we can use: appsettings.json file where you can add all settings related to your web application so:

So we will call it in Startup.cs in this way:

            //Using Postgresql
            var connectionString = Configuration["DbContextSettings:ConnectionString"];
                opts => opts.UseNpgsql(connectionString)

Now, we will create our database:
Toolsè NuGet Package Manager and then we click on Package Manager Console menu:

Type Add-Migration CoreMigration and Enter:

And we will have Migration folder added in the solution:

And if we check the Databases, we will find that tables are added automatically.
And if the database exist we use Update-Database.
Sometimes we get some error like bellow:

So, to resolve it we have to restart Visual Studio as an administrator and enable the migration.
PM> Enable-Migrations

And if you get this message, you have to update the PowerShell version:
          VII.            Add Web API controller and test using Postman.
Now, we will add new API Controller called PersonController.

And test your API using Postman.

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